Index

The underscored numbers are linked to the relevant chart entry, but may take a few seconds to land.

100 Club 2
100 Club Anniversary singles 40, 45, 75, 97,
127, 128
100 Proof Aged in Soul
143
2Smooth 112
5° Farenheit 37
20
th Century (label) 13
21st Century (group) 82
8 Track Studio 40,
145
919 Sound Studio 16, 115, 117
A&B 101
A&M 119
A&R Studio 123 
A-1 Sound Studio 120
ABC/ABC-Paramount 4, 19, 43, 51, 58, 83, 97, 99, 123,
134, 137
ABC Studio 97
Abet/A-Bet 37, 50, 95,
127
Herb Abramson 120
Ace/Ace-Stax 45, 53, 95
Renee Acker 32
Barbara Acklin
145
“Across 110th Street” (film) 20
Action 12, 19, 56
Action Pac
131
Alberta Adams 57
Mike Adams 73
Otis Adams
148
Wesley Adams 10
Harold Adamson 81
Malcolm Addey 123
Dick & Don Addrisi 5
The Admirations
129
A-I 37
Jewel & Joseph Akens 96
Steve Alaimo 66, 89
Lillian Alexander 24
Louis Alfieri 70
Alithia 125
All Platinum 54
All the People 89
Na Allen 30, 53, 87, 105
Vee Allen 30
Alley 122
Gene Allison
127
Allrite 103
Alston 66
The Ambassadors 115,
144
American Arts 80
“American Bandstand” (TV show)
130
The American Poets
139
American Sound Studio 20, 95, 113
Amhurst
130
Amy 37
And the Echoes 109 
Fred Anderson
131
Kip Anderson
147
A. Andrews 88
Darrell Andrews 19
Anna
145
Anthony & the Delsonics 58
La Mont Anthony
145  
Apache 103
The Appreciations 67,
148
The Arabians 78, 90
The Arcades 4
Archway Studio 58,
145
Arctic 115, 118
Argo 76
Argon Productions 123
Aries (Chicago) 21
Aries (Orlando) 11
Jo Armstead 21, 40, 68, 92
Artco 11
The Artistics 42, 44, 98, 102,
134, 146
The Ascots 58
Jack Ashford 75, 125,
128, 143
Nick Ashford 6, 42, 64, 68,
149
Asnes 11
The Association 5
Astra 80
Atco 1, 23, 29, 30, 51, 108,
138
Ben Atkins – see Tommy Tate
Jerry Atkins 76
Atlanta Sound Studio 27
Atlantic 1, 2, 29, 31, 40, 50, 60, 68, 84, 87, 93, 98, 99, 105, 110, 111, 113,
142, 148
Atlantic Studio 68, 113
Audio Arts! 119
Audio Arts Studio 15, 50
Audio Forty 15, 119
Audio Recorders Studio 11
Leo Austell 62
Patti Austin 123
AVI 82
The Avons
127
Aware
133
David Axelrod 2
B.J.B. 58
B.R.S. Productions 33
Baby Huey & the Babysitters 47
Burt Bacharach 68
Back Beat 12, 82, 99, 125,
137
Bad Boys 108
J.R. Bailey 71, 86
Tom Baird 6
Fred Baker
128
LaVern Baker 44
Ron Baker 69, 123
Yvonne Baker (& the Sensations) 75, 123
Harry Balk 80
Paul Ballenger 23
Baloji
135
Bamboo
145
Bessie Banks 123
Darrell Banks 1, 56, 72,
131, 143
Homer Banks 71
Larry Banks
128
Robert Banks 11,
138
Simon Barbee 78
Gene Barbour & the Cavaliers 4
Leroy Barbour 26, 79

Betty Barnes 35
Dena Barnes 80

Gloria Barnes/Towanda Barnes 48
J.J. Barnes 1, 12, 41, 56, 64,
128, 131, 143
Ortheia Barnes 78
Sidney Barnes 1, 72,
139
Matthew Barnett 78
H.B. Barnum 2, 71,
Barons
142
Art Barrett 11
Steve Barri 19, 97
Chris Bartley 123
Jean Battle 121
Gladys Battles 53
Johnny Baylor 51
BBE 123
Lou Beatty 90
Jimmy Beaumont & the Skyliners 89
Jackey Beavers (male) 46, 56, 74, 91, 105,
143
The Jackey Beavers  Show 74, 91
Jackie Beavers (female) 74
Gilbert Bécaud 86
Jeff Beck
style 120
Barry Beckett 87
Bell 56, 71, 103, 108, 124, 125,
128
The Bell Brothers 12
Bell Sound Studio 35, 48, 77, 97, 123
Archie Bell (& the Drells) 31, 84
Cara Bell 32, 56
Madeline Bell 123
Thom Bell 30, 76, 92, 115, 125,
130
Tony Bell 50 
William Bell 87, 111
Deno Bennett 116
Obie Benson 42
Brook Benton 46
Bettye Berger 87
Bert Berns 113
Bevmar
147
Biddu 119
Big Deal 88
Big Frank & the Essences 67
Big Time 2
Barrington Biggs w. the Astronauts 13
Travis Biggs 85
Billboard 1
Peggy Billups 53
Billy & Betty 103  
Birth 125
Jimmy Bishop 76, 115
Louise Bishop 115
Black Circle 36
Black Magic 83
Black Music 50
Bryan Blackburn 113
Eugene Blacknell (& band) 39
Blackpool Mecca 22, 24, 31, 59, 62, 70, 72, 75, 76, 79, 83, 85, 86, 93, 119, 121,
130, 132, 134
George Blackwell 123
Otis Blackwell 112
Corey Blake 87
David Blake 67
Art Blakey
139
Bobby Bland 12, 19, 91
Bobby Bland
style 12, 47
Virginia Bland 18
The Blenders
136
The Blossoms
136
Blue Candle 89
Blue Cat 72,
138
Blue Rock 29, 67, 92
Blues & Soul 50
The Blues Busters
138
Bob & Earl 24, 100
Ted Bodnar
148
Jessie Bolian 102
Bonatemp 2
Bonnie 80
Boola Boola 83
Boom
150
Boozer 85
Henry Boozier 19
Bottom & Company 99
Boutwell Recording  Studio 22
Ed Boutwell 22
Harold Lee Bowen 15
David Bowie
130
John Bowie 70
The Alan Bown Set 64
The Box Tops 2
David Box 60,
146
Lee Brackett 101
Janie Bradford 59
Brainstorm 62
Michael & Roger Branch
148
William Branch 33
Bill Brandon 33, 121
Dan Brantley 22
Johnny Brantley 48, 108
Brenda & the Tabulations 16
Brewtown 103
Fred Bridges 90
Jo Bridges 17
Bright Star 92
Brill Building 29, 106,
134, 150
Bobby Brinkley
127
Johnny Bristol 46, 74, 94
Broadway Studios 35, 37, 125,
138, 149
Brockington & Guess Studio
126
Dorsey Brockington
126
Julius Brockington 3
Brooks Brothers 4
Gene Brooks 71
Bernard Broomer 115
Brothers III 10
Brothers of Soul 90
Joe Broussard 88,
142
Brown Door 59
Alex Brown 9, 18
Daniel Brown 49
Fred Brown 78
J.L. Brown/John L. Brown w. the Raylettes – see Steve Mancha
James Brown 20
Mark Brown 30
Matt Brown 7
Maxine Brown 4, 20, 68, 75, 123,
150
Oscar Brown Jr. 21
Pep Brown 55
Ron Brown
135
Ruth Brown 30
Willie Brown 94
Duke Browner 80, 97
Brunswick 44, 92, 102,
126, 130, 146
Brute 124
Pat Bryan (& Kelly & the Soul Explosions)
126
Don Bryant 105
BSC (Chicago) 85
BSC (Detroit) 85, 91
Bobby Buchanan 58
Mickey Buckins 50
Buddah 4, 25, 41, 115, 125
Bull & the Matadors 58
Vernon Bullock 46
Bump Shop 32
Doni Burdick 64
Val Burke 54
Major Burkes 1
Bobby Burn
141
Lori Burton 125 
Ruth Burton 53
Artie Butler 67
Billy Butler (& groups) 4, 43, 44, 79, 98, 102,
134, 146
Freddy Butler
128
Jerry Butler 1, 20, 44, 60, 79, 115
Butterball 36,
136
Nancy Butts 7
C&J 122
Cadet 79
Susan Cadogan 87
Steve Cagan 112
Nicholas Caldwell 9
Roosevelt Caldwell 96
California Gold 104
Randy California
style 45
Calla 123
Terry Callier 26, 44, 79, 92
Steve Calloway
131
Calvin & the Catamounts 8
Adria Calvin 24
The Camaro’s 74, 91
Cameo
130
Cameo-Parkway (UK label)
130
Cameo-Parkway Studio
130
Cam Cameron 114
Johnny Cameron 114
Eddie Campbell 11, 34
Glen Campbell 68
Lloyd Campbell
138
Capitol 2, 8, 13, 50, 72, 77, 93, 101
The Capitols 1, 110
Capri 114
Car-A-Mel 52
Caravan 95
Carla 110,
137
Carl Carlton 12, 99, 105
James Carmichael 13, 15, 93, 119
Carnival 10, 36, 54
Carolina Beach scene 111
Carousel 71
Joe Carpenter 25
Carrie 90
Ron Carson 9, 83
Calvin Carter 103
Clarence Carter 7, 107
The Casanova Two 47
Cash Box 112
Fred Cash 4
Ricky Castel
144
Castle 10
Cat 66
The Catacombs 75, 111
The Catalinas
148
Catamount 8
Cathy & Cookie 52
Joe Cato 40
CBA Studio – see Clark Brown Audio Studio
CBS 50, 68,
148
CBS Studio
145  
Cedric 86, 120
CEM
140
Nick Cenci 5
Chadwick 10
Charles Chalmers 99
Nolan Chance 102, 119,
134, 146
Gene Chandler 4, 84, 98,
134, 145, 146
Lorraine Chandler 75,
128
Chanson 122
Chant
141
Chanté 70
Andy Chapman – see Tommy Tate
Charger 115
Lee Charles
145
Ray Charles 18, 60
Charly 23
The Charmaines 45
Checker 74, 112
Chubby Checker
130
Check-Mate
145
Cheshire Sound Studio 77 
Chess 30, 40, 43, 83, 124
Chess Studio 79,
129
Chess
style 76
The Chessmen 106
Chicago Pete (& the Detroiters) 57
Chi-City 92
Chico & Buddy 124
The Chiffons 120
The Chi-Lites 60
Alex Chilton 2
Chirrup
126
Choice of Colour
148
Al Christian
141
Janice Christian w. Johnny & the Charmers 93
Chrysalis 118
The Chymes 60
Clark Brown Audio Studio 119
Chris Clark 42
Dave Clark 19
Dick Clark
130 
Jimmy (Soul) Clark 110
Bruce Clarke 10
Tony Clarke 78, 124
Willie Clarke 14, 66, 89
The Class Mates 92
The Classics
129
Judy Clay 29, 113
Otis Clay 30, 87, 105,
129
Sonji Clay 68
Cleethorpes all-niter 67
Billy Clements 40, 87
“Cleopatra Jones” (film) 20, 87
Al Cleveland 6, 42, 97
Jimmy Cliff
148
Clifton
143
George Clinton 1
Coast Recorders Studio 47
Cocoa Studio (label)
140
Dennis Coffey 56, 110
The Cold Four 84
Gary B. B. Coleman 111
Colemine 84, 109
Collectables 112
Howard Collins 122
Lyn Collins 20
Pam Colquitt 92
Columbia 44, 45, 51, 68, 97, 98, 102, 122,
144
Columbia Studio (Chicago) 44, 98, 102,
145
Columbia Studio (Los Angeles) 9, 93
The Combinations 78
The Commands 12, 125
“The Commitments” (film) 113
The Compacts 110
Congress 60
Conlo Production
130 
Connowil 122
The Constellations 35, 125,
138
Contempo 41
Continental Showstoppers 19, 74, 91
The Contours 13, 94
The Contributors of Soul
129
Jerry Cook 72
Lonnie Cook 83
Sam Cooke 20
Sam Cooke
style 96, 129  
Cool School 90
Earnest Cooper 57
Eula Cooper 121
Gene Cooper 57
Ted Cooper 98
The Cooperettes
130
Copa
145
Coral 13, 102,
146
Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose 67
The Coronados 92
The Corsairs  & Landy McNeil
149
Henry Cosby 64, 106
Cosimo Studio 63, 111
Cotillion 16, 40, 105,
142
The Cotillions
148
Tommy Couch 51
Lou Courtney 29
Don Covay (&the Goodtimers) 13
Sonny Craver 21
Dave Crawford 29, 105, 107, 113
Cream 62
Criteria Studio 29, 40

Ady Croasdell 40
Bobbie Croft 78,
128, 143
Steve Cropper 113
Crossover (label) 60
Crusader 115
Bettye Crutcher 105
Harold Curington
129
E.J. Current – see E.J.  Gronda
Louis Curry 78, 90, 124,
137
Vaughn Curtis 10
Curtom 4, 83, 98,
146
Curtom Studio 83,
146
Custom 91
CVS 10, 108
D.S.S.I. 110
D’ar/D’or 108
Dade 14, 66
Raymond Dahrouge
128
Dakar 98, 105

Danny Dallas 65
Dalya 21
Ted Daniel 60
Bobby Daniels 37
Jack Daniels 60, 92
Dar Cha 74, 91
Lou Dargan
138
Curt Darin 41
Date 40, 45, 92
Fred Daughtry 36
Mike Davenport 59
Hal David 68
Carl Davis 43, 44, 98, 102, 121,
144, 146
Don Davis 1, 5, 41, 56, 74, 98, 124,
131, 143
George Davis 50
James Earl Davis 96
Melvin Davis 1, 41, 56, 74, 90, 109,
131, 143
Rhonda Davis 12, 39
Tyrone Davis 60, 61, 92,
133
De•To 32, 116,
132
Dean & Jean 72, 120
James Dean 64, 94, 97
Snoopy Dean 89
Rod Dearlove
141
Decca 13, 95
Bert DeCoteaux 123
Deep South Studio 73
Sam Dees 121,
133
“The Definitive Northern Soul Top 500” 22, 125
Pierre Delanoë 86
Delegates of Soul 69
The Delfonics 93
The Delicates 32, 101
De-Lite 22, 36
Frank Dell 29, 67
William Dell & Wee Jams
148
The Dells 79,
143
The Delphians 70
Jimmy Delphs 80, 110
The Del-Vikings 97
Deram 104
Sugar Pie DeSanto 9
Detroit Sound Studio 5, 32, 116,
132
Dial 66
Diamond Jim 109
Lee Diamond 50, 63
Different Fur Studio 59
Dig 14
Jimmy Diggs 44

Phyllis Dillon 50
Dino & Doc
141
Dionn 16, 117
Direction 50
Disco Tac 5
Luther Dixon 30, 81, 97
DJM 125
Dobyne & Jones 49
Johnny Dollar & the Sound Masters 103
The Dolletts 51
Maurice Dollison 105
Ruth Dolphin 49
Domain 13
Fats Domino
150
Verble Domino – see Sherman Nesbary
The ‘Don’ – see Don Davis 
The Dontells 68,
134
Doo-Wop Blog 112
Doré 9, 100
Dorothy & the Hesitations
128
Roscoe Dorsey 53 
Dot-Mar 8
Dottie 96
Tom Dowd 68, 113
Pearl Dowdell 68
Joe Dowell
141
J.E. Doyle 59
Lamont Dozier 42, 56, 71,
145   
Ugene Dozier 71
DPR 103
Tony Drake 123
The Dramatics 72
Dream 10
Drells (label) 84
The Drifters
style 21
Drive 66, 89
Drum 81, 97
DT 5
Duke 12, 19, 39
Bobby Dukes 125
Ron Dunbar 56
Dunhill 19
Duo Disc 101
Bernard Dupree
147
Bob Dylan 93
Dynamic 125
The Dynamics
128
Dynamite
126
Dynodynamics production 115, 118
E.J. & the Echoes 109
The Earles/Earles, Inc. 58
Early Bird 47
Eastbound 110
Eastern (Detroit) 65
Eastern (New York) 11, 123
William Eaton 68
Eboney Essence 33, 121
Eddie & Ernie 11, 34,
130
Randy Edelman 45
Edgebrook Studio
148
Edgewood (Numero Group) 32
Esmond Edward 79
Dee Edwards 32, 116,
132
Dennis Edwards 64, 94, 106
John Edwards 40, 87, 103
Mill Edwards/Mill Evans 92, 102
The El Dorados
146  
Donnie Elbert 1
The Electrifying Cashmeres 46
The Electrons
148  
Elements 125
Bobby Eli 69, 93
Jimmy Elledge 99
Ember 12, 32
Ember Furniture 72
The Embers
148
EMI 121
The Enchanted Five 10, 108
Enterprise 78,
137
The Entertainers
139
The Enticers
142, 143
Epic 44, 68, 75, 98
Dee Ervin – see Dee Irwin
The Escorts 125
The Esquires 110
Essence
129
Joe Evans 10, 36
Mill Evans – see Mill Edwards
Nate Evans & Buss/Mean Green 103
Richard Evans 103
Sticks Evans
149
Evejim 13
Excello 101,
127
The Exciters
150
The Fabulous FiDels 100
The Fabulous Flares
148
The Fabulous Impressions 10  
Fairmount 108
The Falcons 12, 113
Fame 95, 107
Fame Studio 8, 22, 23, 50, 74, 87, 95, 107, 113,
141
Leroy Fann 86
The Fantastic Dukes
127
The Fantastic Four 6, 41, 64, 102
The Fantastics 4
Fantasy 59
Fantasy Studio 39, 47
Marion Farmer 48
Lynn Farr 9
Wes Farrell 67
William Farrow 124
The Fascinations
137, 146
Fast Eddie
136
Fat City 56
Fat Fish 13
Willie Feaster 54
Feathers Studio
141
Bob Feldman
130
Steve Feldman
150
The Festivals
134
The Fidels 71, 100
The Fifes 90
Fifth Dimension 71
Betty Fikes & the Passions 22
Fillmore West 68
Bob Finiz 70
Fised 103
Andy Fisher & the Encores 50
Carl Fisher 82,
144
Shelley Fisher 21, 40
The Five Jays
141
The Five Masquerades 114
Flame & the Lovelights 74
Bob Fletcher 27
Darrow Fletcher 60, 92
Tee Fletcher/Thomas Fletcher 7, 25, 55 
The Flirtations 72
Aaron Floyd
146
Eddie Floyd 74, 113,
143
Wayne Fontana & the Mindbenders 98
Dee Dee Ford 86
Fortune 11
Debbie Foster 93
Fountain 44
Eli Fountain 109
Four Brothers 92
The Four Sonics 75
The Four Sonics-Plus One 75,
128
Four Tees 50
The Four Tops 42, 71,
132
The Four Tops
style 94
Fourth Day 5
Aretha Franklin 9, 20, 68
Aretha Franklin
style 121
Fraternity 45
Skipper Lee Frazier 31, 84
Art Freeman 9, 83
Duane Freeman 110
George Freeman 24
Louise Freeman 121
French Coffey feat. Rozlin 32
Friday, Saturday & Sunday 14, 66, 89
The Friends of Distinction 83,
135
Eddie Frierson
127
Frisco
145
Donnie Fritts 113
Frontiersman 26
The Fuller Brothers 9
Jerry Fuller 71
The Funk Brothers 110
Funky Delicacies 2
Harvey Fuqua 46, 59, 94
Fury 81
The Furys 101
Future Gold Studio 17
Peggy Gaines
127
Galaxy 47, 96
Bob Gallo
144
Mamie Galore 18
Albhy Galuten 113
Gamble (label)
136, 141
Kenny Gamble 29, 30, 113, 115, 125,
136, 144
Gamma 21, 40
Ray Gant & Arabian Knights 75
Burgess Gardner 60
Don Gardner 86
Lee Garrett 76, 115, 118
William Garrett 6
Garrison
149
Delia Gartrell
133
Garu 80
David Gates 68
Harry Gates/Lee Gates 78,
137
Ira Gates 114
Walter Gates 93
Gatur 2
The Gaturs 2
Gaye (label) 25
Marvin Gaye 41, 42, 64, 102,
143  
Gemini Star 35
General 112
The Generation 125
Geneva
147
The Gentlemen Four 125
Art Gentry 95, 107
Genuine 28
Raeford Gerald – see Ray Godfrey
Giant (Chicago arm) 40

Giant (Detroit arm) 75
Gigi & the Charmaines 45
Harold Gilbert
127
Gilmore & Mance
135
Joey Gilmore 89
Bruce Gist 67
The Glass House
143
Harry Glenn
129  
Leroy Glover 4,
150
GM 32
Go-Ahead
144
Ray Godfrey 40
Dave Godin 44, 50,
137
God’s Gift to Women 37
Gerry Goffin 30, 106
Gold Future Studio 58
Gold Star Studio 12, 19  
Golden Soul 34
Golden State 56
Golden Torch 5,
130, 134
Golden World Studio 6, 12, 40, 41, 42, 56, 64, 97, 106, 109
Goldmine 41, 45, 74, 76,
131, 143
Cliff Goldsmith 96
Goldsoul 61
Jerry Goldstein
130
Garfield Good
149  
Sam Gooden 4
Ken Goodloe 82
Tommy Goodwin 7
Marc Gordon 1, 71
Pat Gordon
136
Gordy (label) 6, 64, 94, 99, 106
Berry Gordy 6, 42, 64
Robert Gordy 94
Larry Goshorn 45
Richard Gottehrer 11,
130, 150
Joe Graham
141
Gram-o-Phon 27
Grand Land 74
Granger (label)
147
Gerri Granger 20
Cornelius Grant 90
Grapevine CDs 40, 69, 87, 103,
147  
Grapevine 2000 singles 51, 73, 92, 103
Dobie Gray 71
Zane Gray 60
Miles Grayson 15, 96
Al Green 55, 87, 105
Al Green
style 3
Cal Green (& the Specials) 52
Forest Green (and studio) 109
Garland Green 21, 29, 40, 60, 79, 87, 92,
145
Richard Green
137
Tommy Green 102
Jerry Greenbach 67
Eliot Greenberg 120
Vernon Greene & the Medallions 50
Robert Gregg 23
Mickey Gregory 51
George Griffin 52
Herman Griffin 45, 97,
143
Johnny Griffith
137
Grits & Gravy Studio 51, 111
E.J.  Gronda 109
Groove City
131, 143
Groovesville 41, 56,
143  
Groovesville production 1, 41, 74,
143
Groovesville
style 5, 42, 56, 143
Groovy 60
Luke Gross 125
Lenis Guess
126
Calvin Guildford 69
Guinness 67
Guitar Ray 73
Gulf Crest 88
GWP
128
Merle Haggard 50
“Hair” (musical) 35
Willie Hale 89
Barbara Hall 98, 121
Benny Hall 28
Daryl Hall 45
Duke Hall
139
René Hall 20, 24, 29
Rick Hall 68, 87, 107, 111
Sandra Hall 121
Willie Hall 51
Billy Hambric 5, 81, 97
Albert Hamilton – see Al Kent
Bob Hamilton 94, 106
Dave Hamilton 57
Edward Hamilton (& groups) 56, 90
Ronald Hamilton – see Ronnie Savoy
Curly Hammer’s Band 81
Carl Hampton 71
Riley Hampton 98, 102,
144
Larry Hancock 125
Hands of Time 119
Bill Haney
141
Len Ron Hanks 60
Mike Hanks 5, 32, 56
Hanover 124
Celest Hardie 20, 24, 34
Gordon Harmon 9
Alford Harrell – see Chicago Pete
Vernon Harrell
138
Dave Harris 65
Jerry Harris 125,
138
Kent Harris 52
Major Harris 13, 93
Norman Harris 69, 93, 115, 123
S. Harris 109
George Harrison 18
Don Hart (& the Fyve) 90
Harthon 115, 118
Harthon production 118
Stephen Hartley 112
Joe Hartsfield
135
Alex Harvey 55
Jimmie Haskell 50, 107
Charles Hatcher – see Edwin Starr
Willie Hatcher 41, 45, 97
Donny Hathaway 4, 40
Roger Hawkins 55
Isaac Hayes 29
Isaac Hayes Movement 51
Johnny Haygood 60
Hayley 12, 110
Leon Haywood 13, 26, 60, 93, 96
Heavy Duty 10
Wally Heider Studio 59
Donald Height
139
Hem 21
Neal Hemphill 33
Dan Henderson 125
Willie Henderson 43, 44, 98, 102, 105, 121,
126
James Hendrix 90
David Henry 35
Hep’ Me 73, 95, 107
The Hesitations 75,
128
Tony Hester 110,
143
HI 30, 68, 87, 105

Hi-Oldies 50
Hi studio – see Royal Studio
HI
style 55
Jimmy Hicks 88
Monk Higgins 18, 105
Eddie Hill 78
Jack Hill 74, 91
Z.Z. Hill 50
Bob Hilliard 20, 21
Jimmy Hinds 58
Ernie Hines 17
Eddie Hinton 23
“Hit ‘em Hard” (film) 49
Hi-Tone 95
Herman Hitson 48, 77
Hitsville Studio 6, 42, 64, 97, 106,
143
HMV 4
Willie Hobbs 20
Manuel B. Holcolm 109
Holiday Band
148
The Holidays/Hollidays 64,
128, 143
Brian Holland 42, 56, 71  
Eddie Holland 42, 56, 71, 106
Brenda Holloway 32
Loleatta Holloway 103,
133
Hollywood (label) 89
The Hollywood Saxons
131
Eddie Holman 118
Bob Holmes
127
Eldridge Holmes 98
Marvin Holmes (& Justice) 59, 83
Brenda Holt 32
Honey & the Bees 115
Honey B 82
Sonny Hopson 76
Wesaline Hopson
128
Jimmie “Bo” Horn 14, 66
Willie Hoskins 83
Hot Sauce 30, 53
“The House on Skull Mountain” (film)
135
Cissy Houston 113, 123
Reuben Howell 20, 99, 113
Claude “Baby” Huey 47, 96
Leon Huff 29, 76, 113, 125,
136, 144
George Hughley 25
Clay Hunt
150
Herbert Hunter 98
Ivy Joe Hunter 42, 97
Joe Hunter 12, 57, 75, 78, 94,
128
Ty Hunter & the Voice Masters
145
Phil Hurtt 50
Willie Hutch 71, 100
Leroy Hutson 83, 119,
145
Hype
149
The Hytones
127
I.D. Sound Studio 9
I.T.P. 96
Ichiban 111
Ike & the Vines 82
Impact 80
Imperial 97, 100, 125
The Imperial C’s 16, 117
Imperial Show Band 51
The Implements 125
The Impressions 4, 44, 98,
134, 144, 145, 146, 150
The Impressions
style 9, 44, 80, 103, 127, 146
The Incredibles 50
Inferno 80
Infinity 44, 79
Luther Ingram 51, 58
Injection
149
Inner City 119
InnoVation II/InnerVision II 121
The Insiders
139
International Soulsville 94
International Telecomm Studio 3
The Internationals 108, 125
The Interpretations 69
Interstate 95 (label) 82 
The Intruders
style 10
Invictus 56
Maurice Irby Jr. 3
Irene Productions 30, 53
Paul Irvin 96
Dee Irwin 9, 97
Randy Irwin
149
Island 63
Clayton Ivey 20, 99, 107
Fred Ivey 83
J-2 (label)
139
J-V 103
Jaa Dee 100
Jaber 74, 91
“Jackie Brown” (film) 20
Jacklyn 60
The Jackson Five 6
Bart Jackson – see George Jackson
Chuck Jackson (Atlanta)
133
Chuck Jackson (New York) 41, 45, 68, 97

Clydene Jackson 60
Deon Jackson 110,
137
Earl Jackson
134
Gary Jackson 102  
George Jackson 68, 95, 105, 107, 113
J.J. Jackson 72
Jerri Jackson 45
Jesse Jackson 97
John Jackson 114
Larry Jackson 52
McKinley Jackson 78, 90, 124
Millie Jackson 20, 40, 87
Skip Jackson (& the Shantons) 8
Walter  Jackson 30, 97 
Pat Jacques 35, 125,
138
Jadan 92
The Jades
142
The Jaggers/Jaggerz 125
Jam 119
Jameco 90
Chris James 83
Jessie James 4
Jimmy James & the Vagabonds 102,
148
Pete James 11, 34
Phillip James
138
Jamie 111, 117,
128
Jamie/Guyden 16, 70, 117
Danny & Myrna Janssen 93
Janus 9, 30
Ted Jarrett
127
Jar-Val 7
Jay-Boy 11, 34, 87, 100,
142
The Jayhawks
144
Jay-Walking 75,
142
The Jazz Crusaders 52
JB’s 73
Norma Jean & Ray J. 73
Caldwell Jenkins
127
Jerry Jenkins 84
Hank Jernigan 50
Jerri 27
The Jesters 119
Jet Stream 111
Jewel Studio 45
Jive (Five) Fyve feat. Eugene Pitt
150
The Jivers 38
Elton John 60
Little Willie John
147
Johnny & Jackey 74
Johnny & the Charmers 93
Benny Johnson 3
Carolann Johnson 79
Clarence Johnson 114
Donald Johnson 102
Dorothy Johnson 92
Ernie Johnson 11, 34
Frank Johnson 20
Fred Johnson 114
Hilary Johnson 62
J.J. Johnson 20
Jimmy Johnson 55
Joe Johnson
133
Larry Johnson 102
Lorraine Johnson 121
Roscoe Johnson
144
Syl Johnson 40, 60, 92, 105
Terry Johnson 6
Tommy Johnson 26, 79
The Jones Brothers 82,
144
Jones Sound Studio 31, 84
Al Jones 37,
138
Brenda Jones (Mercury) 120
Brenda Jones (S.S.I.)
138
Charles Jones 49
Durand Jones & the Indications  109
E. Rodney Jones 121
Eddie Jones
128
Floyd Jones 32,
132
Frank Jones 47
Gloria Jones 107
Isaiah Jones 93
Jacqueline Jones 11, 24, 34
Jeanette Jones 34
Jimmy Jones 105
John Jones 44
Linda Jones (& Whatnauts) 35, 37, 108, 125,
138
Minnie Jones & the Minuettes 82
Pearl Jones 32
Ray Jones (Birmingham, Al) 33
Raymond Jones (New Orleans) 73  
Senator Jones 73
The Jordan Brothers (Penn.) 117
The Jordan Brothers (Texas) – see Steve Jordan & the Jordan Brothers
Archie Jordan 121
Freddie Jordan 117
Marvin Jordan 117
Steve Jordan & the Jordan Brothers
148
Margie Joseph 2
Josie 7
Oliver Joy 88
JRE
149
Juggy Sound Studio
139
Junior 75
The Justice Dept. 50
Kapp
128, 130
Karen 80, 110,
137
Ty Karim 52
Billy Keene 15, 96
Ron Keith & Ladys 119
Manny Kellem
144
Ernest Kelley
147
Pam Kellum 101
Kelly & Soul Explosions
126
Paul Kelly 66
Jim Kemper 90
Willie Kendrick 75
Delilah Kennebruew – see Delilah Moore
Billy Kennedy 80
Ron Kenoly 119
Kent (UK) 4, 11, 17, 34, 40, 44, 47, 50, 51, 52, 57, 60, 79, 94, 95, 97, 101, 107, 121, 123, 125,
127, 128, 133, 141, 144, 150
Kent 6T’s singles – see 100 Club Anniversary singles
Kent (US) 34
Al Kent 6, 41, 64
George Kerr 37, 38, 125,
128, 138
Wally Keske 93
Key Charisma Studio 103
The Key Free Singers 103
Bert Keyes 54, 81, 108,
150
Keymen 20, 100
Dianne Kimble 73
King Curtis 68
Ben E. King 20
Carole King 30, 106
Clydie King 18
Earl King 2
Ernie King
133
Joey Kingfish 5, 109,
131, 143
The Kittens 43,
134
KKC
149
Bobby Kline 112
Jerry Klinger
150
Klondike 51
Frederick Knight 33
Gladys Knight & the Pips 42, 59
James Knight & the Butlers 66
Jean Knight 88,
142
Richard Knight 90
Phyllis Knox 79
KoKo 51
Kokomo 20
KRL 37
William Kyle 5, 32, 116,
132
L&M 96
La Beat (label & studio) 90
Patti LaBelle & the Bluebelles 4
La-Cindy 62,
126
Bobby Lacour 73, 95, 107
Paula Lamont 34
Lamp (label) 96
The Lamp Sisters 12
Buddy Lamp 12
Major Lance 4, 44, 98, 121,
134, 144
Major Lance
style 44
The Landslides 69
Landy
149  
Landy Bug 57
Linda Lane
138  
Edward Langford 60
The Larks 4, 98
Larry-O 92
Larsam 10
Denise LaSalle 30
Eddie LaShea 62
Emanuel Laskey 5, 81, 116
Last Buzz 61
Larry Laster 52
Laurie 120,
150
Lava 55
Betty LaVette 53, 110
Trevor Lawrence 108
Gene Lawson 69
Shirley Lawson 12,
137
Clarence Lawton 86
Le Sage
136
Otis Leavill 44, 98, 102, 121
G. LeBuff 88
Jackie Lee 100
Jean Lee – see Brenda Jones (Mercury)
Jeff Lee 77
Joe Lee 122
Legrand
126
Jerry Leiber 29, 72
Johnny Lemac – see John Lee McKinney
LeMans (Baltimore)
148
Le-Mans (New York) 90
Eddie Levert 125
Eddie Levert
style 9
Walt Levinsky 112
Tammy Levon – see Jackie Beavers (female)
Anders Léwen 61
Diane Lewis 5, 74
E. Lewis 88
Edward & James Lewis 48
Herman Lewis – see Herman Griffin
Leroy Lewis 84
Marty Lewis 88
Mike Lewis 66, 99, 113
Pat Lewis 5
Ramsey Lewis 79
Ray Lewis 108, 125,
128, 138
Ronnie Lewis
139
John Lias 3
Liberty 71, 125
Libra III
135
Like It Is
143
Lil Doll 62
Lime 82
“The Lincoln Lawyer” (film) 19
Terry Lindell 15
Calvin Lindsay & the Hysterics
139, 148
Little Ann 28
Little Anthony 32
Little Charles & the Sidewinders 81
Little Joe & Latinaires
148
Little Jr. Jesse & the Tear Drops
148
Little Milton 1,
148
Little Nolan & the Soul Brothers 114
Little Sherman – see Sherman Nesbary  
Little Star 125
Little Tom & his Valentines
147
Don Litwin 45  
Michael Lizzmore 8
Betty Lloyd 85
Frank Lloyd 29
Loadstone 11, 24, 34
Jimmy Locke 100
Ronald Logan 26
Loma 1, 49,
138
London (label) 1, 60, 87, 88, 105, 111, 121,
128, 139
Jerry Long 52
Loreli 10
The Lost Family 121
Love and Brotherhood 9
The Love Foundation 123
Katie Love & the Four Shades of Black 87
Mary Love 15
The Lovemen 17
Robert Lowden 70
Phil Lowman 123
LPG 121
The LPT’s 90
Luap
149
Lu-Pine 12
Lou Lupo 68
Lush for Music productions 114
Dennis Lussier 106
Lyn-Lou Studio 46
Barbara Lynn 51, 111
Gloria Lynne 9, 30
M-G-M 99
M.I.O.B. 47

M-S 78, 124
James Mack (Chicago) 121
Jimmy Mack (Los Angeles) 101
The Mad Lads
131, 143
Magic Touch 41
Magnetics (Chicago) 103,
133
Magnetics (Detroit) 80
The Magnificent Men 8
The Magnificents 75
The Main Ingredient
139
Mainstream 91
Mala 56, 122,
141
Malaco labels & studio 51,
142
George Mallory 110
Deadric Malone – see Don Robey
Idessa Malone 90
Don Mancha 5, 60, 81, 125,
143
Steve Mancha 1, 12, 41, 56, 74,
128, 131, 142, 143
Mandala
144
Barry Mann
134, 136
Lena Manns 6
Mano 110
Richard Mansfield 58
Earl  Marable 117
Jerry Marcellino 67
March 114
Marco
148
Arif Mardin 68
Louisa Mark 63
Cletus Marland – see Bernard Dupree
Marlina Mars 123
Bobby Martin 60, 86, 92, 115, 125
Hazel Martin
148
John Martucci 8
Mar-Vel
129
Mar-V-Lus
129, 136
Mary Jane 90
Barbara Mason 76, 115, 118
Leroy Mason 110
The Masqueraders 90
The Masquerades 114
Bobby Massey 125
Master Five 86
The Masterkeys 72
Mastersound Studio 77
Joe Matthews 109,
148
Johnnie Mae Matthews 78, 109
Milt Matthews 123
Sherlie Matthews 97
Maverick 100
Eddie Maxey 77
Mayfield (label) 137,
146
Curtis Mayfield 4, 44, 83, 84, 98, 102, 115,
134, 137, 144, 146
Curtis Mayfield
style 24, 146
MB 112

MBA studio 112
MCA 19, 40, 79
Maurice McAlister 28
Ronald & Yvonne McCoy 10
Rose McCoy 36, 86,
147
Van McCoy
146
The McCoys
130
Jimmy McCracklin 61
George McCrae 89
Gene McDaniels
150
Wendell McDougal 115, 118
Jimmy McFarland 42
Bill McFosland 114
Eugene & John McGaughy 122
Billy McGregor
129 
Jimmy McHugh 81
Bill McKay 31, 84
Gus McKinney 80
John Lee McKinney 103
Ollie McLaughlin 80, 110
Marilyn McLeod 97
Sharon McMahan 110
Clay McMurray 5
Landy McNeil
149  
Harry & Mary McNeir 60
Ronnie McNeir 32, 116,
132
George McRae 66
Bob McRee 51, 111
Norman Meade – see Jerry Ragavoy
Means of Persuasion 122
Huey P. Meaux 111
Phil Medley 29, 67
Megatone 38
Meka 36
Mel & Tim 87,
145
The Mello Decisions 78
Mellow Town 44
The Melo Gents 112
Melody Studio
141
Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes 125
Jackie Members 108
Memphis (label) 44
Memphis Horns 1, 68
Memphis Horns
style 122
Merben 70
Barbara Mercer
143
Mercury 10, 26, 29, 92, 111, 120,
148
Merging
135
Arthur Merriwether
141
The Merseys
130
The Metros 125
Mickay’s (label & studio) 41
Middle Earth 49 
Greg Middleton
135
Tony Middleton
134
The Mighty Hannibal 77
The Mighty Marvellows
134
The Mighty Mustangs 53
Ronnie Millender 10
Art Jerry Miller 17
Gene ‘Bowlegs’ Miller 55
Robert Miller
130
Ronald Miller 13
Millie 125
Jackie Mills 93
Clyde Milton 5
Garnet Mimms 44
Santo Minghenelli 70
Minit 20, 45, 68, 82, 125,
143
Charles Mintz 69
Mirage 99
Mirwood 62
Miss Madeline
129
Arthur Mitchell
128
C. Mitchell 88
Dorothy Mitchell 86
Lee Mitchell 33
McKinley Mitchell
129
Paul Mitchell 87, 111
Phillip Mitchell 20, 30, 40, 87, 105
Willie Mitchell 30, 87, 92, 105
Mockingbird 125
The Mod Singers/Mod Swingers
129
Mod-Art 38
Mode
142
Mojack 57
Mojo 9, 95
Jimmie Moliere 73
Chips Moman 20
The Moments 125
The Moments
style 10
Ray Monette
128
Money 49, 50
Bobby Montgomery 50
The Monticellos 68
Monument (labels & studio) 46
Moon Shot
149
Daniel Moore 90
Dave Moore
129
Delilah Moore 49  
Jackie Moore 105
Johnny Moore 40, 60, 61, 79, 92,
129
Judson Moore 114
Leon Moore 17
Raymond Moore 95, 107
Robert Moore 14, 66, 89
Ruth Moore 43
Warren Moore 6
Morning Glory 32
Doug Morris 120
Floyd Morris 58, 92,
145
Richard Morris 6, 64
Jay Morton
143
Lee Moses 48, 77
Don Mosley 22
Ernest Mosley 62
Sam Motley 57
Motion Picture Sound Studio 125
Motown (corp) 6, 41, 42, 53, 56, 64, 80, 88, 90, 94, 97, 99, 106, 118,
143, 147
Motown label 68, 97, 99
Motown
style 4, 56, 102, 137
Sam Moultrie 22, 36
Mowest Studio 42, 106
Hazel & Lazoe Moy 53
Sylvia Moy 53
M-Pac!
129
Mr. G 56, 86
Mr. Soul – see Al Scott
MSS – see Muscle Shoals Sound
Bill Murphy plus One
148
Big Frank Murphy – see Frank Dell
Juggy Murray
139
Muscle Shoals Sound (label) 87
Muscle Shoals Sound (studio) 20, 23, 51, 55, 87, 99, 113
Music City Studio 74
Music Now 5, 32, 116,
132
Music Record Inc Studio 125
Musical Energy 104
Musicor
150
The  Mustangs 53
Nation 74
Nation Time 114
National General 115
The Natural Four 83
The Natural Gas 117
The Natural Looks 90
Natural Resources 42
Earl Nelson – see Jackie Lee
Neptune 97, 125,
138
Sherman Nesbary 110,
129
Larry Nestor 105
Aaron Neville 63
Naomi Neville – see Allen Toussaint
The New  Birth 20
The New Concepts 92
The New Cymbals 22, 36 
“The New Life Style” (film) 35
New Musical Express 50
The New Sounds 38
Diana Newby
130
Frankie Newsome – see Willie Parker
The Nightingales 51
Harry Nilsson
style 99
Nimrod Record Store
126
Tom Nixon 17
NJ International 82
Ike Noble (& groups) 122
Van Noble
148
Noel 82
Nola 2, 63
Noodle 10
Norfolk Village pub 2, 29
Jimmy Norman 48
NPC 5
Numero Group 32, 72
Ocapello’s 112
Odds & Ends 3
Ohio Players 48
The O’Jays 35, 37, 64, 75, 108, 125,
128, 138
The O’Kaysions
134
OKeh 43, 44, 51, 93, 98, 102,
134, 144, 146
Old Town  6
Spooner Oldham 23, 87
The Olympics 96
Michael Omartian 97
One-derful! (label) 105,
129
One-Der-Ful Studio 105, 129
Onyx (label & studio) 95
The Opals 44
Organic 41
The Original Drifters 37
The Originals 42
The Orlons
130
Jesse Osborne 47
Clyde Otis 68, 123
Horace Ott 8, 29, 112
Outta-Sight
144
The  Ovations feat. Louis Williams 99
Ovide 31, 84
Dave Oxman 11
Pac-Three Studio 29, 30, 53
Ralfi Pagan
148
Billy Page 71
Gene Page 9, 71
Pama 80
“Paperboy” (film) 71
The Paragons 32
Parallax 45
The Paramount Four
127
Bobby Paris
148
Eddie Parker 75
Gloria Parker 123
Junior Parker 57
Richard Parker – see The Rotations
Wendell Parker 7, 25
Willie Parker 105,
129
James Parks 58
Parkway 76, 118,
130
The Parliaments 72
Dean Parrish 11,
130, 150
Matt Parsons
149
Pat & the Blenders
136
Johnny Pate 4, 43, 44, 98, 102,
134, 144
Alexander Patton 101
Paula 96
Scherrie Payne 99
Peacock 39
The Peddlers
148
Pedestal 30
Ann Peebles 87, 105, 107
Richard Pegue 72
Dan Penn 23, 87, 111
People 86, 96, 108
Sam Peoples 125
The Perfections 66
Al Perkins 20, 30, 53
Irene Perkins 30, 53
Velma Perkins 20  
Ann Perry 56
Bill Perry
129
John Perry 109
Lee Perry 87
Oscar Perry 19

Ron & Candy Perry 119
The Persuaders 108
Jerry Peters 83,
135
Lewis Peters
135
Bobby Peterson 80
James Phelps 103
Philadelphia International 125
Philips 67, 125
Phil–L.A. of Soul 70, 73, 76, 117
Esther Phillips (w. the Dixie Flyers) 99,
150
Sam Phillips Studio 74
Sandra Phillips 72
Philly Groove 37
Philly Soulville 93
Phoenix Express  11, 34
Piccadilly 102
Pick-A-Hit 32
Willie Pickett 65
Wilson Pickett 20, 66, 68, 99, 113, 115
Wilson Pickett
style 149
Pieces of Eight 102
Pied-Piper production 75, 125,
128
‘Pig Pen’ studio 32, 56
Gene Pitney
134
Eugene Pitt – see Jive (Five) Fyve  
The Platters 45, 81, 109,
143
Playboy
71
The Players
143
The Poets
139
Richard & Robert Poindexter 108, 125,
128, 138
Ray Pollard
130, 150
Polydor 41, 55, 64, 71,
148
Anita Poree 83
David Porter 29
Sylvester Potts 94, 106
Power Exchange 125
The Preludes 118
President 105,
129
Elvis Presley 46, 112
Lloyd Price 121
Sta
n Price 36
Prince  Phillip – see Phillip Mitchell  
Probe 97
Process 35
Product of Webb 103
The Professionals 1,
131, 143
The Profiles
145
The Promatics 9
Billy Prophet 72,
139
PS Studio
146
Pulsar 32
Pulse 109
Pure Gold 32
Purple Mundi 14, 66, 89
Mark Putney 31, 84   
P-Vine 10, 40, 51, 108
Pye International 41, 82, 97
Pyramid 81
The Quadraphonics 121
Sidney Joe Qualls 121
Wardell Quezergue 2, 63, 73,
142
Quinvy (label & studio) 23
Radiants
148
The Raelets 18
Jerry Ragavoy 68
Rainbow 33

James Ramey – see Baby Huey & the Babysitters
Rampart Street (label & studio) 84
Earl Randle 92, 105
Luther Randolph 76, 115, 118
Ranger 109
W. Ranson 36
Rapda 36, 82
Ra-Sel 80, 103, 122
Chuck Ray
129
Jimmie Raye
149
RCA International 76
RCA Studio (Chicago) 4, 75, 79,
146
RCA Studio (Nashville) 46, 74, 113
RCA Studio (New York) 50
RCA Victor 75, 76, 113, 125,
132
Real Music Studio 61
Record Shack
131
Eugene Record 102
Red Balloon 114
Red Bird 72,
139
Red Fire 48
Redd Coach 97
Gene Redd 1
Otis Redding 35, 55, 106
Otis Redding
style 51, 122, 141
Bob Reeco – see Bob Hamilton
Bernard & Daniel Reed 98, 102
Jimmie Reed, Jr. (soul) 13, 26, 60, 79
Jimmy Reed (blues) 26,
149
Neil Reed 116
Sam Reed 16
Reel 78
Martha Reeves & the Vandellas 42
Ref·o·Ree
127
Scott Regan 64
Reid (label) 66
Clarence Reid 14, 66, 89
Bob Relf 100
Renee 117
Reprise 20
Revilot 1, 41, 74,
143
Revue 40, 60
Reynolds 24
L.J. Reynolds & Chocolate Syrup 123
Rhino 99, 113
John Rhys 80
Jay Rhythm 41
Bogen Richard 125
Deke Richards 97
Willie Richardson & his Marados 58
John Richbourg 74, 91
Ric-Tic 41, 64
Ridgecrest 124
John Ridley 7, 55, 81, 121
Jim Riley 109
Riley’s (label & studio) 109
Dave Rimmer 45
Minnie Riperton 72
Paul Riser 86, 110
Johnny Rivers 71
Kev Roberts 125
Larry Roberts 36, 125
Don Robey 11, 19, 39, 51,
137
Bobby Robinson 81
J.P. Robinson 66, 89  
Rudy Robinson 30, 32, 53, 56
Smokey Robinson 6, 59, 64, 97, 106,
139
Sylvia Robinson 54,
138
Rock Mill 1, 56
Rocky Road 71
Bobby Rogers 6
Roker (label) 9
Wally Roker 18
The Rolling Stones 20
Romark 52
Ron & Candy 119
Ronn 11, 30, 96,
140
Ronnie, Norman & Earl 69
Brian Ross 77
Diana Ross & the Supremes 6, 74
Rotary Connection 72
The Rotations (feat. Richard Parker) 115
Roulette 22,
147
Tony Rounce 51,
144
“Round Trip” (film)
149
The Royal Imperials 44
Royal Studio (Hi) 30, 53, 87, 105
The Royaltones 80
RPM (UK label) 23
RPM Studio (Los Angeles) 60
RPR 42
David Ruffin 41, 56, 94, 106,
143
Jimmy Ruffin 42 106
Kenneth Ruffin 54
Rust 120
Herb Ryals
141
S.S.I.
138
Saadia 89
Sable 103
Sack (label & productions) 18
The Sacred Mushroom 45
Sag Port/Sagport 103,
129
Zono Sago
129
Lee Sain 114
Oliver Sain 58,
145
Bobby St. James 15
The Saints 15  
Salsoul productions
133
Samar 48, 123
Hank Sample
142
Sonny Sanders 12, 44, 64, 98, 102,
143, 146
Saru 125
Satin 103
Savage (label) 35

Pete Savage 35
Savern 129
Albert Savoy 73
Ronnie Savoy 6, 94
Pam Sawyer 6, 42, 107, 125
Scepter 41, 87
Scepter Studio 97
Bob Schiff 79
Willie Schofield 12
Brothers Scott & Comp. 85, 114
The Scott Bros. Orch./The Scott Brothers 114
Al Scott/Mr. Soul 28
Bobby Scott 67
Charles Scott 114
Freddie Scott 1
George Scott
128
Howard Scott 114
Jimmy Scott 40, 75
Joseph Scott 19, 91
S. Scott 49
Walter Scott (Chicago) 114
Walter Scott (Los Angeles) 9
Winfield Scott 112
Richard Searling 28, 81
Sedgrick 86
Seel 82
George Semper 119
Senator 52
Sepia 75
Sequel
146
The Sequins 87
Setting Sun
132
Seventy 7/Seventy-Seven 74, 91
Sew City 7
Ann Sexton 96
Kenny Seymour 96
Shagg 73
Ray Shanklin 47, 96
Ronnie Shannon 9, 68, 110
Brad Shapiro 29, 40, 66, 113
Billy Sha-Rae 75
Dee Dee Sharp
130
Bill Sharpley – see LeBaron Taylor
Bobby Sheen 9, 87
Cynthia Sheeler 73
Ernie Shelby 30, 99
Shell 103
Shep 21
The Sheppards 62
Sheridan House 52
Billy Sherrill 51, 98
Shi-Lush 114
Shiptown
126
The Shirelles
149
James Shorter 90
Shout 121,
128
The Show Stoppers
144
Shrine 21
Wayne Shuler 50
Shurfine 25
Sierra Sound Studio 83
Bunny Sigler 50, 76, 97
Sigma Sound Studio 50, 76, 92, 93, 115, 123, 125,
136
Silent Majority 113
Silver (label) 82

Lee Silver 82
Eddie Silvers 105,
129
Jason Simms w. Music Through Six 13
Joe Simon 40
Nina Simone 29, 50, 63
Maurice Simpkins 60
Valerie Simpson 6, 42, 64, 68,
149
Gerald Sims 43, 44, 98, 102,
146, 148
Paul Sindab
149
Charles Singleton
147
Eddie Singleton 21
Sir Shambling’s Deep Soul Heaven 7, 8, 55, 73, 81, 121,
140
The Sisters Three 47
“Slaughter” (film)
135
Sly, Slick & Wicked 96, 108,
148
Smash 35, 87, 108,
148
SMC
143
The Smith Brothers 75
Al Smith 26
Arthur Smith Studio
148
Bobbie Smith 80
Buddy Smith (artist) 78, 90, 124
Buddy Smith (producer) 29, 124
Dawson Smith 38
Floyd Smith 103,
133
Lorenzo Smith (& band) 92,
129
Marvin Smith 4, 102,
137, 146
Moses Smith 16, 117
Nate Smith 102
Reggie Smith 114  
Smogville 59
Smoke 122
Lester Snell 17
Snookum-Hill 62
Soft Touch
128
Solid Beat 122
Solid Hitbound productions 1, 124, 125
Solid Smoke 80, 110
James Solomon 118
SonBert 124
Sonday 35
Sonet 123
SongBird 99
Soul 7 (label) 121
Soul Cellar 87, 94
Soul City (UK) 44, 98,
137
Soul City (US) 71
Soul Clock 9, 68
Soul Continentals 74
Soul Express 87
Soul Patrol 82
Soul Pot 65
Soul Sam 94
The Soul Sisters 121
Soul Sound Studio 54,
138
Soul Source 2, 66,
129, 131, 143, 146, 148
Soul Spot – see Soul Pot
Soul-Supply
135  
Soul-Tay-Shus 48
The Soul Twins 12,
137
Reggie Soul (& the Soul Swingers) 114,
126
Sharon Soul 45
George Soule 20, 55, 99, 107, 113
Soulful Detroit 5, 124
Soulful Kinda Music 45
The Soulful Twins 103
Soulscape 51
Soultown 101
Soultrain 109
Sound City Studio 107
Sound Facts 95
Sound Lab Studio 111
Sound of Birmingham Studio 33
Sound Patterns (label) 122
Sound Patterns Studio 65
Sound Pit Studio
133
Sound Recorders Studio 18, 71
Sound Shops Studio 113,
127
Sound Stage 7 (label) 46, 74, 91
Sound Stage Stu
dio 74
Sound Trip 80, 103
Sounds of Memphis Studio 95
Sounds South 37
Soundview Studio
144
South Camp 23
Southbound 22
Southern Biscuit 11
Southern City
127
Southern Wing
148
The Sparkz
148
Brian Spears 116
Specialities Unlimited 18
Speciality Sound Studio 80
Abner Spector
149
The Spellbinders
150
Robert Spencer 39
The Spinners 97, 118, 125
“Spinning Around: A History of the Soul LP” (book) 3
David Spinozza 123
The Spoilers 3
The Spontanes
148
Sport 67
Spring 40
Dusty Springfield 43
SSS International 121
Staff 90
Stafford (Top of the World) 15, 27, 52, 85, 110, 112, 124,
148, 149
Stag 5
Stage IV 125
Stang 54, 125,
138
Barbara Stant
126
The Stardusters
148  
Edwin Starr 6, 41, 64, 125
Stateside 1, 4, 42, 106, 125,
137, 150
Candi Staton 95, 107
Stax (corp) 14, 17, 41
Stax label 1, 17, 41, 51, 53, 74,
143
Stax Studio 17, 113
Tony Steele 85
Charles Stepney 79, 92
The Steptones 109
Stevens & Foster 27
Dubose Stevens 39
Flip Flop Stevens (& the Psychedelic Soul Orchestra)
126
Mickey Stevenson 102, 106
Wolf Stevenson 51
Arthur Stewart
142
Billy Stewart 74
Billy Stewart
style 136
J.B. Stewart 59
Marilynn Stewart 47
Robert Stewart 9, 59
Johnny Stiles 76, 115, 118
Mike Stoller 29, 72
Stone Blue 45
Joss Stone 2
Sly Stone 84
Walter Stone 34
Billy Storm & the Tempests
148
The Stovall Sisters 47
The Strangeloves
130
Rogelio Straughn 108
Karen Striblin 74, 91
Homer Strickland 92
Carl Stricklen 36
The Strides 78
Barrett Strong 94, 102, 106,
130, 146
James Stroud 51
Joe Stubbs 94
Vikki Styles 1
Sue (UK) 63, 80
Sue (US)
139
Sugar 82
Sugar Bear 84
Sugar Hill Studio 111  
Johnny Summers 15, 96
Sundazed 125
Sundi 18
Sunflower 6
Sunset 125
Sunshine – see Herb Ward
Super Dome 73
The Supremes (post Diana Ross) 99
Sure-Shot 12, 53
Surfside
148
Sutter 82

Hamp Swain 7
Swan 93
Bettye Swann 50, 63, 96
Billy Swann 46
The Sweet Inspirations 113
Sweet Rose 77
The Sweethearts of Soul 68
Reggie Swiggle
131
Sheryl Swope
129
Sylvester 59
Symbol
139
T.K. Studio 14, 27, 66, 89
T.Main 27
The T.S.U. Toronadoes 31, 84
Talent
126
Tamla 42
Tamla-Motown 6, 41, 42, 64, 94, 97, 106
The Tandels 47
Tangerine 18
Robert Tanner 38
Tao 45
Quentin Tarantino 20
Karl Tarleton 102, 105,
145
Tarx 3
Howard Tate 51
Tommy Tate 51, 111
Bobby Taylor (& the Vancouvers ) 6, 64, 107
Chip Taylor 68, 120
Debbie Taylor 3
Ed Taylor 84
Emanuel Taylor 5, 116
Gloria Taylor 78,
143
James Taylor 52
Johnnie Taylor
132
June Taylor 5, 116
LeBaron Taylor 1, 41, 50, 64, 124, 125
Jerome Teasley 91
Technosonic Studio
145
Tee Jay
140
Tee-Ti 58
Richard Tee 35, 37, 108, 125,
138
Willie Tee 2, 63
Willie Tee
style 77
The Tempests
148
The Tempos (Detroit) 109
The Tempos (Los Angeles) 83,
135
The Temprees 17
The Temptations 6, 94, 97, 99, 106
The Temptones 115
Ter Mar Studio 79
Tera Shirma Studio 5,
128
Billy Terrell
128
Freddie Terrell (& the Blue Rhythm Band) 77
Jean Terrell 60
Tammi Terrell 42,
143
Terry (label)
147
Mike Terry 21, 40, 41, 60, 64, 75, 80, 90, 110, 125,
128, 133
Texas Southern University 84
Thelma 5
The Themes 82
Mike Theodore 56, 110
Thomas (label) 85
Cal Thomas 84
Carla Thomas 74,
143
Cliff & Edward Thomas 51, 111
Don Thomas 46
Harold Thomas 67, 110
Joe Thomas
144
Sylvia Thomas
145
Will Thomas 31, 84
James Thompson
145
Paul Thompson 99
The Three Degrees 125
The Tiffanys 115
Tiger 13
Tobin 3
Today 3
Scotty Todd
148
Toi 110
The Tokays 78, 124
Israel Tolbert 22
Edna Toles 3
Tom Tom – see Tom Washington
Norma Toney 6
Top of the World – see Stafford
The Topics 10
Allen Toussaint 125
Towana & the Total Destruction 52
Tower 48
Town Sound Studio 36
Ed Townsend 29
Jeanie Tracy 9, 59
Vinnie Traina
144
The Trends
134, 146
Tribe 111

Trip 48, 125
The Tropics – see The Topics
Tony Troutman 27
Truetones
129
Truth 99  
TSG 10, 121
TSOP
136
Tuba 32
Tommy Tucker 120
Tuff 149
Earl Turbinton 2
Wilson Turbinton – see Willie Tee
Turbo 38,
138
Alvin Turner
142
Cat Turner
127
Ike & Tina Turner 1, 52
Nat Turner Rebellion 93
Sammy Turner
138
Spyder Turner 68
Tuska 121
The Twentie Grans
143  
Twin Stacks 62
Twinight 92
Twirl 80
Twisted Wheel 1, 71, 101, 102,
139, 150
Ty-Do 114
Tyrone (the Wonder Boy) – see Tyrone Davis
U.S.A. (label)
129
The Ultimates 10, 108
Uni 40, 60
United Artists 20, 82, 89, 99, 107,
139
United Artists Studio 18
The United Chair 3
United Sound Studio 1, 5, 41, 53, 75, 78, 90, 102, 110,
128
Unity 107
Universal Studio (Chicago) 4, 44, 102,
145, 146
Universal Studio (Nashville) 4
The Up Tights 122
UpLook 69
Uptones 15 
Uptown 48
V.I.P. 6, 97
Val
140
Joe Valentine (& the Imperials)
140
Rose Valentine 28
The Valentinos 20
Valerie 57
Valise 67
David Van de Pitte 42
The Vanguards 96
Jimmy Vanleer 86
Lynn Varnado 15
Don Varner 23
Vault 96
Ricky Vee & the Stardusters
148
Vergara
128
Yvonne Vernee 124
Verve 45, 51, 95
The Vibrations 82, 98,
134, 144
Vick 43
Villa 47
Violet 35
Virtue Studio 69, 70, 115, 118
Vocalion 19 

The Voice Masters 58, 145
Voices from the Shadows
141
Volare 123
The Volcanos 115,
144
Volt 1, 2, 41, 53, 84, 98, 99,
131, 143
The Volumes 80, 110
The Vontastics 60
Larry Wade 44, 79
The Wailers 4
Alan Waldon 55
Augustus Walker 78
Elijah Walker
142
James Walker
141
Jr. Walker & the All Stars 42, 46, 64, 91
Randolph Walker
141
Wales Wallace 92, 121
Wand 48, 66, 71, 97, 125
Anita Ward 121
Clara Ward 45
Herb Ward 76
LaVerne Ware – see Gloria Jones
Leon Ware 20, 21
Eddie Warhoftig
136
Warner Bros. 98, 99, 107, 112, 121,
129, 138, 150
Warner Bros.-Seven Arts
138
Warren (label) 22, 36
Carten Warren 22
Dale Warren 110,
137
Dee Dee Warwick 29, 40, 67, 124
Dionne Warwick 29, 35
Carrol Washington 88,
142
Cecil Washington
148
Chet Washington 21
Ella Washington 74
Gene Washington & the Ironsides 84
Justine (Baby) Washington 68, 86, 120  
Rhonda Washington 12, 53
Tom Washington 60, 121,
146
Freddie Waters
127
Johnny Watson (Valise) 67
Stan Watson 93
WDAS radio 36,
136
We Produce 17
We Three Trio 93
Bill Weatherspoon 64, 94, 97
Webb-McCord production 103
Jimmy Webb 2, 71, 119
Joe Webster 60
Wednesday’s Child production 93
Cynthia Weil
134, 136
Jean Wells 68, 69, 123
Junior Wells 57
Mary Wells 20, 59, 64, 72, 87, 106
John West 54
Westbound 5
Kim Weston
132
Jerry Wexler 68, 84
Whatnauts 125,
138
Wheel City 56
Beverly Wheeler & the Cameros 85, 91
Wheelsville U.S.A.
131, 143
The Whispers 9, 18, 59, 68, 83
Bergen White 46, 74
Gentle White 93
Ronnie White 64, 106
Tony Joe White 46 74
Norman Whitfield 42, 94, 106
Whitney Studio 68
Marva Whitney 41
Carson & Tim Whitsett 51
Whiz 96
Wicked 113
Wigan Casino 28, 48, 67, 70, 81, 93, 123,
130, 131, 148, 150
Ruth Wiggins 49

Bobby Wilburn – see Bobby Burn
J. Wilkerson 96
Al Williams 90
Blinky Williams 64
Bobby Williams (Detroit) 12
Bobby Earl Williams (New York) 35
Danny Williams 104
Dennis Williams 10
Frank Williams
129
Herbie Williams 75, 125
Jeanette Williams 12
Joe Williams 58
Johnny Williams 87
Lee Williams (& the Cymbals) 22, 36
Louis Williams – see The Ovations
Mal Williams 4
Mike Williams & the Tempest Band
148
Nathan Williams 82,
144
Paul Williams 106
Ralph Williams 88,
142
Richard Williams
134
Sam Williams 48
Walter Williams 125
Willie Williams
134
Willie & the Mighty Magnificents/Willie & West 54
Bernice Willis 43
Teacho Wilshere 44, 113,  
128
Al Wilson (Los Angeles) 71, 100
Al Wilson (New York) 71

Clyde Wilson – see Steve Mancha
Frank Wilson 1, 6, 42
Jackie Wilson 44,
134, 145
Jackie Wilson
style 92
Robert Wilson 120
Ted Wilson 71
Timothy Wilson 72, 120, 125,
130, 150
Win or Lose 108
Windy City (group) 121
Ed Wingate 41, 64
The Wingtips
148
Wink
147
Wishbone Studio 99
WMOT 93
Bobby Womack 20, 24, 68, 87, 99, 113,
132, 133
Bobby Womack
style 113
Cecil Womack 20
Womar 10
Stevie Wonder 74, 97, 118
Stevie Wonder
style 60
Terry Woodford 20, 87, 99
Art Woods 119
Belita Woods 110
Ella Woods
135
Gilda Woods 16
World Artists 118
Arthur Wright 50, 96 

Betty Wright 14, 66, 80
Carlos Wright (Charles Wright) 66
Ed Wright 125
Jeanette Wright/Milton Wright 66
Othie Wright 98
Phil Wright (Chicago/Los Angeles) 13, 26, 60
Phillip Wright (Miami) 66
Sandra Wright 99
Syreeta Wright 118
Popcorn Wylie 64, 110
Tammy Wynette 50
X-Clusive
128
Marvin Yancy
133
Tommy Yates – see Tommy Tate

Yazz 105  
Yorktown 15
You Tube
136, 148
Young Ladies 54
The Young Professionals 50
Earl Young 69, 123
Lee Young 96
Patti Young 123
Paul Young 42
Welton Young 120
Eddie Youngblood 108, 123
The Younghearts 83,
135
Zapp 27
Zenith 104
Sven Zetterberg 61
Zip 33
Zudan 58